Report summary

Reframing Resistance

How to communicate about antimicrobial resistance effectively  

This report aims to guide experts, communicators and practitioners to communicate with impact, so that the public understands and supports action on drug-resistant infections.


Why this is important 

Global action to tackle drug-resistant infections is not happening at the scale and urgency needed. Action among political leaders can be strengthened with public support. But public understanding of antimicrobial resistance and its impact is currently limited.

We can change this by communicating more powerfully.

Key recommendations 

The report outlines five evidence-based principles for communicators to keep in mind when talking to the public about drug-resistant infections. When used together, they are more likely to create communication that informs, motivates and persuades.

1. Frame drug-resistant infections as undermining modern medicine

  • Demonstrate how drug-resistant infections are a cross-cutting threat across all of medicine, which set back and undermine treatments that we have come to rely on.
  • Illustrate using multiple examples that are relevant to the audience.

2. Explain the fundamentals succinctly

  • Help the public understand resistance (particularly that bacteria develop resistance, not humans).
  • Include explanation of the part that human activity is playing in accelerating the issue.

3. Emphasise that this is a universal issue; it affects everyone, including you

  • Show that anyone could be affected, not only the most vulnerable groups. 
  • Tell human stories; numbers and statistics generally resonate less strongly with the public.

4. Focus on the here and now

  • Show the current impact of drug-resistant infections, rather than projections or apocalyptic frames.

5. Encourage immediate action

  • Frame the issue as solvable – people want to know what can be done about the problem.


The language we use when talking about drug-resistant infections plays a crucial role for raising public awareness. People need to understand what drug-resistant infections are, that they are not limited to one illness or country, and that they are affecting people today.
Tim Jinks, Head of Drug-Resistant Infections Programme at Wellcome

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Watch the webinar 

In this webinar, you’ll hear about: what framing is and why it's important for driving policy action (01:40), research methodology for Reframing Resistance (07:30), the current communications landscape for antimicrobial resistance (10:35), and the five recommendations in the report (15:08).   

Contact us  

We're keen to hear about your experiences of using the report and toolkit, and any ideas on what tools or advice would be useful for you. Let us know at

For media enquiries, contact Maggie Stratton at +44 (0)207611 8609 or

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