How should the world invest to prevent the next pandemic?

The profound and inequitable health and economic impacts of Covid-19 highlight flaws in the systems we have in place to prepare for and respond to infectious disease outbreaks. Beth Thompson explains how this also gives us a unique opportunity to think about how we could do things differently in future.

People queue for vaccination outside a tent, while three nurses write down their details on paper.

People queue for vaccination outside a tent at a local hospital in Harare, Zimbabwe, in March 2021. According to current projections, most people in the world will not be vaccinated by the end of this year.


Tafadzwa Ufumeli / Getty Images

Beth Thompson

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How should the world invest to prevent the next pandemic?
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Thanks to huge international efforts and an unparalleled pace of innovation, we had tools to help test, treat and prevent Covid-19 less than a year into the pandemic. 

Since the pandemic started, we have seen increased investment in research, procurement and distribution of Covid-19 tests, treatments and vaccines. The health and economic impact of investing in these tools has never been clearer. But the mechanisms to mobilise global funding for these crucial tools are limited and major gaps remain. As a result, on current projections most people in the world will not be vaccinated by the end of 2021.

Science has delivered, but often despite the system, not because of it. The risk of another pandemic is high. Our 21st century way of life – shaped by climate change, food and agriculture systems, international commerce and travel – enhances this risk. So while accelerating the response to Covid-19, we must strengthen the global health system to better prevent, prepare for and respond to the next pandemic.  

Preparing for the next pandemic 

At the start of the year, the Italian Government, as Chair of the G20, established an expert panel to recommend how the world should organise and mobilise financing for global pandemic prevention, preparedness and response. We’re delighted that Wellcome is supporting this work.

The panel will assess gaps in current financing systems and recommend how to raise financing on an efficient and equitable basis, including how we can best organise financial resources from public, private, philanthropic and international financial institutions. As well as new financing mechanisms, the panel will consider the right mix of incentives and governance for the system to work effectively. 

Covid-19 provides us with an opportunity to do things better, and we shouldn’t miss it. In our work, we want to build on the hard lessons of the pandemic, understand things that have gone well and intensify our efforts in areas that remain challenging.